Что случилось с настройкой GRUB?

У меня два жестких диска. Первый содержит установки Windows и Ubuntu, но первый MBR загружается в Windows и второй MBR загружается, теоретически, в Ubuntu. До недавнего времени это работало нормально.

Я обнул мой MBR на sdb, а затем отремонтировал его с помощью TestDisk. Перегородки и данные кажутся прекрасными. После этого при загрузке с sdb я получил это на экране и ничего больше.

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  • 1234F: 

    Я попал в среду Ubuntu и побежал

     sudo grub-install /dev/sdb 

    Без изменений. Я побежал

     sudo grub-install --recheck /dev/sdb 

    Теперь он загружается на экран, который просто говорит

     GRUB _ 

    И не идет дальше.

    Я запустил этот скрипт загрузки , вот результат:

      Boot Info Script 0.61 [1 April 2012] ============================= Boot Info Summary: =============================== => Windows is installed in the MBR of /dev/sda. => Grub Legacy0.97 is installed in the MBR of /dev/sdb and looks at sector 74500216 on boot drive #1 for the stage2 file. A stage2 file is at this location on /dev/sda. Stage2 looks on partition #5 for /boot/grub/menu.lst.. sda1: __________________________________________________________________________ File system: ntfs Boot sector type: Windows Vista/7: NTFS Boot sector info: No errors found in the Boot Parameter Block. Operating System: Boot files: sda2: __________________________________________________________________________ File system: vfat Boot sector type: Unknown Boot sector info: No errors found in the Boot Parameter Block. Operating System: Boot files: /efi/Boot/bootx64.efi /efi/ubuntu/grubx64.efi /efi/ubuntu/MokManager.efi /efi/ubuntu/shimx64.efi sda3: __________________________________________________________________________ File system: Boot sector type: - Boot sector info: Mounting failed: mount: unknown filesystem type '' sda4: __________________________________________________________________________ File system: ntfs Boot sector type: Windows Vista/7: NTFS Boot sector info: No errors found in the Boot Parameter Block. Operating System: Boot files: /bootmgr /Windows/System32/winload.exe sda5: __________________________________________________________________________ File system: ext4 Boot sector type: - Boot sector info: Operating System: Ubuntu 14.10 Boot files: /boot/grub/grub.cfg /etc/fstab sda6: __________________________________________________________________________ File system: Boot sector type: - Boot sector info: Mounting failed: mount: unknown filesystem type '' mount: unknown filesystem type '' sda7: __________________________________________________________________________ File system: ext4 Boot sector type: - Boot sector info: Operating System: Boot files: sdb1: __________________________________________________________________________ File system: ntfs Boot sector type: Windows Vista/7: NTFS Boot sector info: No errors found in the Boot Parameter Block. Operating System: Boot files: sdb2: __________________________________________________________________________ File system: ext4 Boot sector type: - Boot sector info: Operating System: Boot files: ============================ Drive/Partition Info: ============================= Drive: sda _____________________________________________________________________ Disk /dev/sda: 119.2 GiB, 128035676160 bytes, 250069680 sectors Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes Partition Boot Start Sector End Sector # of Sectors Id System /dev/sda1 1 250,069,679 250,069,679 ee GPT GUID Partition Table detected. Partition Start Sector End Sector # of Sectors System /dev/sda1 2,048 616,447 614,400 Windows Recovery Environment (Windows) /dev/sda2 616,448 819,199 202,752 EFI System partition /dev/sda3 819,200 1,081,343 262,144 Microsoft Reserved Partition (Windows) /dev/sda4 1,081,344 69,440,718 68,359,375 Data partition (Windows/Linux) /dev/sda5 69,441,536 98,738,175 29,296,640 Data partition (Windows/Linux) /dev/sda6 98,738,176 100,691,967 1,953,792 Swap partition (Linux) /dev/sda7 100,691,968 250,068,991 149,377,024 Data partition (Windows/Linux) Drive: sdb _____________________________________________________________________ Disk /dev/sdb: 465.8 GiB, 500107862016 bytes, 976773168 sectors Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes Partition Boot Start Sector End Sector # of Sectors Id System /dev/sdb1 1 976,773,167 976,773,167 ee GPT GUID Partition Table detected. Partition Start Sector End Sector # of Sectors System /dev/sdb1 10,240 195,311,615 195,301,376 Data partition (Windows/Linux) /dev/sdb2 195,311,616 976,773,119 781,461,504 Data partition (Windows/Linux) "blkid" output: ________________________________________________________________ Device UUID TYPE LABEL /dev/sda1 B0EA1359EA131B64 ntfs Recovery /dev/sda2 C814-23EC vfat /dev/sda3 /dev/sda4 6A1016BD10169065 ntfs /dev/sda5 78cc8ade-c36b-4014-b646-5bac48afc5e4 ext4 /dev/sda6 /dev/sda7 86e26b30-af5a-47a9-a57d-cddf785e1979 ext4 /dev/sdb1 5DC0908E72D3BB2A ntfs /dev/sdb2 760630a7-223f-42e4-aecf-de92e32f12b9 ext4 ================================ Mount points: ================================= Device Mount_Point Type Options /dev/sda2 /boot/efi vfat (rw) /dev/sda5 / ext4 (rw,errors=remount-ro) /dev/sda7 /home ext4 (rw) /dev/sdb1 /windows fuseblk (rw,nosuid,nodev,allow_other,default_permissions,blksize=4096) /dev/sdb2 /store ext4 (rw) =========================== sda5/boot/grub/grub.cfg: =========================== -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- # # DO NOT EDIT THIS FILE # # It is automatically generated by grub-mkconfig using templates # from /etc/grub.d and settings from /etc/default/grub # ### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/00_header ### if [ -s $prefix/grubenv ]; then set have_grubenv=true load_env fi if [ "${next_entry}" ] ; then set default="${next_entry}" set next_entry= save_env next_entry set boot_once=true else set default="0" fi if [ x"${feature_menuentry_id}" = xy ]; then menuentry_id_option="--id" else menuentry_id_option="" fi export menuentry_id_option if [ "${prev_saved_entry}" ]; then set saved_entry="${prev_saved_entry}" save_env saved_entry set prev_saved_entry= save_env prev_saved_entry set boot_once=true fi function savedefault { if [ -z "${boot_once}" ]; then saved_entry="${chosen}" save_env saved_entry fi } function recordfail { set recordfail=1 if [ -n "${have_grubenv}" ]; then if [ -z "${boot_once}" ]; then save_env recordfail; fi; fi } function load_video { if [ x$feature_all_video_module = xy ]; then insmod all_video else insmod efi_gop insmod efi_uga insmod ieee1275_fb insmod vbe insmod vga insmod video_bochs insmod video_cirrus fi } if [ x$feature_default_font_path = xy ] ; then font=unicode else insmod part_gpt insmod ext2 set root='hd0,gpt5' if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,gpt5 --hint-efi=hd0,gpt5 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,gpt5 78cc8ade-c36b-4014-b646-5bac48afc5e4 else search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root 78cc8ade-c36b-4014-b646-5bac48afc5e4 fi font="/usr/share/grub/unicode.pf2" fi if loadfont $font ; then set gfxmode=auto load_video insmod gfxterm set locale_dir=$prefix/locale set lang=en_US insmod gettext fi terminal_output gfxterm if [ "${recordfail}" = 1 ] ; then set timeout=-1 else if [ x$feature_timeout_style = xy ] ; then set timeout_style=menu set timeout=10 # Fallback normal timeout code in case the timeout_style feature is # unavailable. else set timeout=10 fi fi ### END /etc/grub.d/00_header ### ### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/05_debian_theme ### set menu_color_normal=white/black set menu_color_highlight=black/light-gray #set_background_image "images/tile.png"; set menu_color_normal=white/black set menu_color_highlight=black/light-gray if background_color 0,0,0; then clear fi ### END /etc/grub.d/05_debian_theme ### ### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/10_linux ### function gfxmode { set gfxpayload="${1}" if [ "${1}" = "keep" ]; then set vt_handoff=vt.handoff=7 else set vt_handoff= fi } if [ "${recordfail}" != 1 ]; then if [ -e ${prefix}/gfxblacklist.txt ]; then if hwmatch ${prefix}/gfxblacklist.txt 3; then if [ ${match} = 0 ]; then set linux_gfx_mode=keep else set linux_gfx_mode=text fi else set linux_gfx_mode=text fi else set linux_gfx_mode=keep fi else set linux_gfx_mode=text fi export linux_gfx_mode menuentry 'Ubuntu' --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-simple-78cc8ade-c36b-4014-b646-5bac48afc5e4' { recordfail load_video gfxmode $linux_gfx_mode insmod gzio insmod part_gpt insmod ext2 set root='hd0,gpt5' if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,gpt5 --hint-efi=hd0,gpt5 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,gpt5 78cc8ade-c36b-4014-b646-5bac48afc5e4 else search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root 78cc8ade-c36b-4014-b646-5bac48afc5e4 fi linux /boot/vmlinuz-3.16.0-24-generic.efi.signed root=UUID=78cc8ade-c36b-4014-b646-5bac48afc5e4 ro quiet splash $vt_handoff initrd /boot/initrd.img-3.16.0-24-generic } submenu 'Advanced options for Ubuntu' $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-advanced-78cc8ade-c36b-4014-b646-5bac48afc5e4' { menuentry 'Ubuntu, with Linux 3.16.0-24-generic' --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-3.16.0-24-generic-advanced-78cc8ade-c36b-4014-b646-5bac48afc5e4' { recordfail load_video gfxmode $linux_gfx_mode insmod gzio insmod part_gpt insmod ext2 set root='hd0,gpt5' if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,gpt5 --hint-efi=hd0,gpt5 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,gpt5 78cc8ade-c36b-4014-b646-5bac48afc5e4 else search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root 78cc8ade-c36b-4014-b646-5bac48afc5e4 fi echo 'Loading Linux 3.16.0-24-generic ...' linux /boot/vmlinuz-3.16.0-24-generic.efi.signed root=UUID=78cc8ade-c36b-4014-b646-5bac48afc5e4 ro quiet splash $vt_handoff echo 'Loading initial ramdisk ...' initrd /boot/initrd.img-3.16.0-24-generic } menuentry 'Ubuntu, with Linux 3.16.0-24-generic (recovery mode)' --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-3.16.0-24-generic-recovery-78cc8ade-c36b-4014-b646-5bac48afc5e4' { recordfail load_video insmod gzio insmod part_gpt insmod ext2 set root='hd0,gpt5' if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,gpt5 --hint-efi=hd0,gpt5 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,gpt5 78cc8ade-c36b-4014-b646-5bac48afc5e4 else search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root 78cc8ade-c36b-4014-b646-5bac48afc5e4 fi echo 'Loading Linux 3.16.0-24-generic ...' linux /boot/vmlinuz-3.16.0-24-generic.efi.signed root=UUID=78cc8ade-c36b-4014-b646-5bac48afc5e4 ro recovery nomodeset echo 'Loading initial ramdisk ...' initrd /boot/initrd.img-3.16.0-24-generic } menuentry 'Ubuntu, with Linux 3.16.0-23-generic' --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-3.16.0-23-generic-advanced-78cc8ade-c36b-4014-b646-5bac48afc5e4' { recordfail load_video gfxmode $linux_gfx_mode insmod gzio insmod part_gpt insmod ext2 set root='hd0,gpt5' if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,gpt5 --hint-efi=hd0,gpt5 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,gpt5 78cc8ade-c36b-4014-b646-5bac48afc5e4 else search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root 78cc8ade-c36b-4014-b646-5bac48afc5e4 fi echo 'Loading Linux 3.16.0-23-generic ...' linux /boot/vmlinuz-3.16.0-23-generic root=UUID=78cc8ade-c36b-4014-b646-5bac48afc5e4 ro quiet splash $vt_handoff echo 'Loading initial ramdisk ...' initrd /boot/initrd.img-3.16.0-23-generic } menuentry 'Ubuntu, with Linux 3.16.0-23-generic (recovery mode)' --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-3.16.0-23-generic-recovery-78cc8ade-c36b-4014-b646-5bac48afc5e4' { recordfail load_video insmod gzio insmod part_gpt insmod ext2 set root='hd0,gpt5' if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,gpt5 --hint-efi=hd0,gpt5 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,gpt5 78cc8ade-c36b-4014-b646-5bac48afc5e4 else search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root 78cc8ade-c36b-4014-b646-5bac48afc5e4 fi echo 'Loading Linux 3.16.0-23-generic ...' linux /boot/vmlinuz-3.16.0-23-generic root=UUID=78cc8ade-c36b-4014-b646-5bac48afc5e4 ro recovery nomodeset echo 'Loading initial ramdisk ...' initrd /boot/initrd.img-3.16.0-23-generic } } ### END /etc/grub.d/10_linux ### ### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/20_linux_xen ### ### END /etc/grub.d/20_linux_xen ### ### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/20_memtest86+ ### ### END /etc/grub.d/20_memtest86+ ### ### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/30_os-prober ### menuentry 'Windows Boot Manager (on /dev/sda2)' --class windows --class os $menuentry_id_option 'osprober-efi-C814-23EC' { insmod part_gpt insmod fat set root='hd0,gpt2' if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,gpt2 --hint-efi=hd0,gpt2 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,gpt2 C814-23EC else search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root C814-23EC fi chainloader /EFI/Microsoft/Boot/bootmgfw.efi } set timeout_style=menu if [ "${timeout}" = 0 ]; then set timeout=10 fi ### END /etc/grub.d/30_os-prober ### ### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/30_uefi-firmware ### menuentry 'System setup' $menuentry_id_option 'uefi-firmware' { fwsetup } ### END /etc/grub.d/30_uefi-firmware ### ### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/40_custom ### # This file provides an easy way to add custom menu entries. Simply type the # menu entries you want to add after this comment. Be careful not to change # the 'exec tail' line above. ### END /etc/grub.d/40_custom ### ### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/41_custom ### if [ -f ${config_directory}/custom.cfg ]; then source ${config_directory}/custom.cfg elif [ -z "${config_directory}" -a -f $prefix/custom.cfg ]; then source $prefix/custom.cfg; fi ### END /etc/grub.d/41_custom ### -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- =============================== sda5/etc/fstab: ================================ -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- # /etc/fstab: static file system information. # # Use 'blkid' to print the universally unique identifier for a # device; this may be used with UUID= as a more robust way to name devices # that works even if disks are added and removed. See fstab(5). # # <file system> <mount point> <type> <options> <dump> <pass> # / was on /dev/sda5 during installation UUID=78cc8ade-c36b-4014-b646-5bac48afc5e4 / ext4 errors=remount-ro 0 1 # /boot/efi was on /dev/sda2 during installation UUID=C814-23EC /boot/efi vfat defaults 0 1 # /home was on /dev/sda7 during installation UUID=86e26b30-af5a-47a9-a57d-cddf785e1979 /home ext4 defaults 0 2 # /store was on /dev/sdb3 during installation UUID=760630a7-223f-42e4-aecf-de92e32f12b9 /store ext4 defaults 0 2 # /windows was on /dev/sdb2 during installation UUID=5DC0908E72D3BB2A /windows ntfs defaults,umask=007,gid=46 0 0 # swap was on /dev/sda6 during installation #UUID=cbb28490-4a70-45a0-982f-894bd526a139 none swap sw 0 0 /dev/mapper/cryptswap1 none swap sw 0 0 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- =================== sda5: Location of files loaded by Grub: ==================== GiB - GB File Fragment(s) ======================== Unknown MBRs/Boot Sectors/etc: ======================== Unknown BootLoader on sda2 00000000 eb 58 90 4d 53 44 4f 53 35 2e 30 00 02 02 0e 1a |.X.MSDOS5.0.....| 00000010 02 00 00 00 00 f8 00 00 3f 00 ff 00 00 68 09 00 |........?....h..| 00000020 00 18 03 00 f9 02 00 00 00 00 00 00 02 00 00 00 |................| 00000030 01 00 06 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 |................| 00000040 80 01 29 ec 23 14 c8 4e 4f 20 4e 41 4d 45 20 20 |..).#..NO NAME | 00000050 20 20 46 41 54 33 32 20 20 20 33 c9 8e d1 bc f4 | FAT32 3.....| 00000060 7b 8e c1 8e d9 bd 00 7c 88 56 40 88 4e 02 8a 56 |{......|.V@.N..V| 00000070 40 b4 41 bb aa 55 cd 13 72 10 81 fb 55 aa 75 0a |@.A..U..r...Uu| 00000080 f6 c1 01 74 05 fe 46 02 eb 2d 8a 56 40 b4 08 cd |...t..F..-.V@...| 00000090 13 73 05 b9 ff ff 8a f1 66 0f b6 c6 40 66 0f b6 |.s......f...@f..| 000000a0 d1 80 e2 3f f7 e2 86 cd c0 ed 06 41 66 0f b7 c9 |...?.......Af...| 000000b0 66 f7 e1 66 89 46 f8 83 7e 16 00 75 39 83 7e 2a |f..fF.~..u9.~*| 000000c0 00 77 33 66 8b 46 1c 66 83 c0 0c bb 00 80 b9 01 |.w3f.Ff.......| 000000d0 00 e8 2c 00 e9 a8 03 a1 f8 7d 80 c4 7c 8b f0 ac |..,......}..|...| 000000e0 84 c0 74 17 3c ff 74 09 b4 0e bb 07 00 cd 10 eb |..t.<.t.........| 000000f0 ee a1 fa 7d eb e4 a1 7d 80 eb df 98 cd 16 cd 19 |...}...}........| 00000100 66 60 80 7e 02 00 0f 84 20 00 66 6a 00 66 50 06 |f`.~.... .fj.fP.| 00000110 53 66 68 10 00 01 00 b4 42 8a 56 40 8b f4 cd 13 |Sfh.....BV@....| 00000120 66 58 66 58 66 58 66 58 eb 33 66 3b 46 f8 72 03 |fXfXfXfX.3f;Fr| 00000130 f9 eb 2a 66 33 d2 66 0f b7 4e 18 66 f7 f1 fe c2 |..*f3.f..Nf...| 00000140 8a ca 66 8b d0 66 c1 ea 10 f7 76 1a 86 d6 8a 56 |..f..f....v....V| 00000150 40 8a e8 c0 e4 06 0a cc b8 01 02 cd 13 66 61 0f |@............fa.| 00000160 82 74 ff 81 c3 00 02 66 40 49 75 94 c3 42 4f 4f |.t.....f@Iu..BOO| 00000170 54 4d 47 52 20 20 20 20 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 |TMGR ........| 00000180 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 |................| * 000001a0 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 0d 0a 44 69 |..............Di| 000001b0 73 6b 20 65 72 72 6f 72 ff 0d 0a 50 72 65 73 73 |sk error...Press| 000001c0 20 61 6e 79 20 6b 65 79 20 74 6f 20 72 65 73 74 | any key to rest| 000001d0 61 72 74 0d 0a 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 |art.............| 000001e0 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 |................| 000001f0 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 ac 01 b9 01 00 00 55 aa |..............U.| 00000200 =============================== StdErr Messages: =============================== cat: /tmp/BootInfo-h8SEFDlK/Tmp_Log: No such file or directory 

    Обращаю ваше внимание на этот отрывок:

      => Windows is installed in the MBR of /dev/sda. => Grub Legacy0.97 is installed in the MBR of /dev/sdb and looks at sector 74500216 on boot drive #1 for the stage2 file. A stage2 file is at this location on /dev/sda. Stage2 looks on partition #5 for /boot/grub/menu.lst.. 

    Это выглядит точно, загрузка из sdb должна загружать корень Ubuntu из sda5.

    Итак, GRUB установлен и выглядит в нужном месте, но ничего не загружается. Что может быть неправильным? Благодарю.

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